The architectural and cultural history of Sirmione, Italy. Churches, castles, origins and historic figures.
The beautiful and historically charming Sirmione has been a subject of admiration to poets and writers for many years. It was the home of the ancient Roman poet Catullus, the founder of the love poem, who was believed to have lived on the lake from 84-54 BC. In poem 31 he writes “Sirmio, jewel of islands, jewel of peninsulas, with what joy, what pleasure I gaze at you”. This literature accompanies a wealth of roman ruins and remains in the area as evidence that this area was a popular place for rich Roman families to build villas.
Catallus’ praise of this charming town stirred the likes of Tennyson to make a journey to the inspirational place who in turn immortalised its beauty -‘O venusta Sirmio! Today, people are still attracted to the beauty of the town as a perfect place to indulge in the tranquillity and culture created through history. This rich Roman history is intertwined with the architecture dating from the Scaligera and medieval period, the Scaligero castle dominating the feel of the town.
This impressive monument stands like a castle from a story-book. Take a journey through time as you cross the draw-bridge of this enchanting castle to enter the town. The Castle was built in the 15th century by the Venetian Republic as a fortress for the Della Scala family in exchange for their control of the fiefdom. It is now the entrance in to Sirmione and is one of the lakes most fascinating attractions.
The grotto di Catullo is the largest example of a Roman villa in Northern Italy. Although named after him, the Villa most probably didn’t belong to Catullus himself, but a wealthy family living in the area and was named after him due to his significance in the town. The villa is dated around 150 AD during the Roman Empire and is a valuable example of a typical Roman villa built for a wealthy family. A museum in the house reveals a number of interesting findings during the excavation.
Built in the 9th century during the Lombard rule the church sits on the highest hill in Sirmione. The building has an intriguing design, with an irregular rectangular build and 9th century Romanesque bell tower.
Excavations of pipework near the grotto di Catullo offer evidence of Roman bath houses in the area during the ancient period and a recent finding has led to a number of spa facilities in the area today. In 1889 a diver from Venice discovered sulphurous hot springs spurting out of the lake bed at a temperature of 70 degrees. Today the spa’s channel the hot water, which is said to have healing qualities, in to their establishments for a variety of treatments.